Cat. #:GMP-103-05
Recombinant Human Fms-related Tyrosine Kinase 3 Ligand GMP
rHuFlt-3 Ligand GMP
Technical Parameters
SynonymsFlt3L, SL Cytokine
Source Escherichia coli.
Molecular Weight Approximately 17.6 kDa, a single non-glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 155 amino acids.
Quantity 5µg/100µg/1mg
Purity > 98 % by SDS-PAGE and HPLC analyses.
Biological Activity Fully biologically active when compared to standard. The ED50 as determined by a cell proliferation assay using human AML5 cells is less than 1.0 ng/ml, corresponding to a specific activity of > 1.0 × 106 IU/mg.
Physical Appearance Sterile Filtered White lyophilized (freeze-dried) powder.
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered concentrated solution in PBS, pH 7.0.
Endotoxin Less than 0.01 EU/μg of rHuFlt3-Ligand GMP as determined by LAL method.
Reconstitution We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Reconstitute in sterile distilled water or aqueous buffer containing 0.1 % BSA to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL. Stock solutions should be apportioned into working aliquots and stored at ≤ -20 °C. Further dilutions should be made in appropriate buffered solutions.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Usage This GMP product can be for research use or further manufacturing use.
Quality statement The manufacture and testing of this product is in compliance with ICH Q7a guidelines.
Reference1. Hacein-Bey S, Basile GD, Lemerle J, et al. 1998. Blood, 92: 4090-7.
2. Peters M, Solem F, Goldschmidt J, et al. 2001. Exp Hematol, 29: 146-55.
3. Beq S, Fontanet A, Theze J, et al. 2004. AIDS, 18: 2089-91.
4. Mahadevan D, Choi J, Cooke L, et al. 2009. Hum Genomics Proteomics, 2009: 453634.
BackgroundFlt3-ligand (FL) is a recently identified hematopoietic cytokine whose activities are mediated by binding to the transmembrane glycoprotein Flt3. Flt3 was first discovered as a member of the class III subfamily of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK) whose expression among hematopoietic cells was found to be restricted to highly enriched stem/progenitor cell populations. Additionally, class III RTKs include the receptors from SCF, M-CSF and PDGF. Not surprisingly, Flt3-ligand is also structurally related to M-CSF and SCF. All three cytokines have been shown to exist both as type I transmembrane proteins and as soluble proteins. The predominant human FL isoform is a transmembrane protein that can undergo proteolytic cleavage to generate a soluble form of the protein. An alternatively-spliced FL mRNA, encoding a soluble form of the human FL, has also been identified. FL is widely expressed in various human and mouse tissues. At the amino acid sequence level, human and mouse FL are approximately 72 % identical and the two proteins exhibit cross-species activity. FL has been shown to synergize with a wide variety of hematopoietic cytokines to stimulate the growth and differentiation of early hematopoietic progenitors.